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A Second Modernism

Un libro in lingua di Dutta Arindam (EDT) Tuerk Stephanie Marie (CON) Kubo Michael (CON) Chuong Jennifer Yeesue (CON) Chernyakova Irina (CON) edito da Mit Pr, 2013

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After World War II, a second modernism emerged in architecture -- an attempt, inarchitectural scholar Joan Ockman's words, "to transform architecture from a 'soft' aestheticdiscipline into a 'hard,' objectively verifiable field of design expertise." Architecturalthought was influenced by linguistic, behavioral, computational, mediatic, cybernetic, and otherurban and behavioral models, as well as systems-based and artificial intelligence theories. Thisnearly 1,000-page book examines the "techno-social" turn in architecture, taking MIT'sSchool of Architecture and Planning as its exemplar.

In essays and interviews,prominent architectural historians and educators examine the postwar "research-industrial"complex, its attendant cult of expertise, and its influence on life and letters both in America andabroad. Paying particular attention to the ways that technological thought affected the culture ofthe humanities, the social sciences, and architectural design, the book traces this shift towardcomplexity as it unfolded, from classroom practices to committee deliberations, from the challengesof research to the vicissitudes of funding. Looking closely at the ways that funded research drewacademics towards a "problem-solving" and relevance-seeking mentality and away from theimported Bauhaus model of intuition and aesthetics, the book reveals how linguistics, informationsciences, operations research, computer technology, and systems theory became part of architecture'sexpanded toolkit.

This is a history not just of a school of architecture but ofthe research-oriented era itself. It offers a thoroughgoing exploration of the ways that policies,politics, and pedagogy transformed themselves in accord with the exponential growth of institutionalpower.

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