Substantial Justice

Un libro in lingua di Michael Goddard edito da Berghahn Books, 2009

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In an effort to overcome legal, geographical, and social distances between village societies and the formal courts of Papua New Guinea, the country introduced a village court system in 1974. The courts were intended to be characterized by informality, freedom from legal technicalities, and a commitment to "substantial justice." In this ethnographic study of the village court system, Goddard (anthropology, U. of Newcastle, Australia) describes the history of the system, explores their place relative to the rest of the legal system, and comparatively analyzes the activities of three particular village courts. He shows how each court is distinctively shaped by its locality, with one favoring a reintegrative approach to dispute settlement, another favoring reconciliation and the amelioration of inevitable conflicts in the community, and the last taking a more legalistic approach to dispute settlement. He also addresses the tensions between the village courts' embeddedness in the community, which leads to an emphasis on group dynamics, and the courts' role as legal institutions responsible for treating disputants as legally responsible individuals. Annotation ©2009 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

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